Об этом курсе
Learn what motivates the restive Muslim youth from Tunis to Tehran, what political positions Islamists from Mali to Chechnya are fighting for, where the seeming obsession with Islamic law comes from, where the secularists have vanished to, and whether it makes sense to speak of an Islamic state. Since 2009 there has been a renewed wave of popular unrest sweeping throughout much of the Muslim world. Secular, but generally repressive and inefficient autocracies have come under pressure or been swept aside entirely. At the same, the various Islamic Republics have not fared much better, but been convulsed by internal unrest, economic and social decline. Throughout the Muslim lands, existing constitutional arrangements are being challenged, often very violently. This course is a survey of the constitutional ideas and institutions that have developed since the mid 19th century throughout predominantly Muslim countries, but its focus will lie on the actors that have dominated this discourse and shaped its outcomes. We will look at the large body of classical writings on the Islamic state only in so far as it is necessary to understand the contemporary debate, but concentrate on the legal and political developments of the 20th and 21st centuries. Three common themes will characterise the course:  We privilege the study of the legal and social reality and seek to highlight where it is at odds with dogmatic stipulations, be they religious or constitutional.  We seek to illustrate the practical tensions posed by limited administrative capabilities and political legitimacy that resulted from the incomplete reception of modern bureaucratic statehood.  We seek to examine how popular dissatisfaction with the practical performance of Muslim governments has fuelled demands for greater accountability under the guise of cultural authenticity.  Ultimately, the course aims to equip participants to better understand Muslim contemporary discourse about the res publica, better contextualise the demands for religious law in public life, and to better ascertain the theoretical and practical feasibility of postulated religious alternatives to the still-dominant secular model of governance.
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Только онлайн-курс

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Clock

Прибл. 35 ч. на завершение

Предполагаемая нагрузка: 8-12 hours/week
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English

Субтитры: English, Spanish, Arabic, French
Globe

Только онлайн-курс

Начните сейчас и учитесь по собственному графику.
Clock

Прибл. 35 ч. на завершение

Предполагаемая нагрузка: 8-12 hours/week
Comment Dots

English

Субтитры: English, Spanish, Arabic, French

Syllabus - What you will learn from this course

1

Section
Clock
2 hours to complete

Overview: Presenting the Course

This week, we try to give you an overview of the themes and principles that we will focus on during the course. We look at the current state of the countries in the region and present the role of religion, the challenge of modernity and the different responses to modernity, which we will revisit thematically during the next weeks. It is highly recommend to read my article "Contested Universalities of International Law. Islam’s Struggle with Modernity" in this week's readings to gain a better understanding of the argument put forward throughout the course....
Reading
7 videos (Total 113 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
1.2 Presenting the Region19m
1.3 Early Modern History12m
1.4 Unresolved Challenge of Modernity14m
1.5 Four Models of Adaptation27m
1.6 Indicators of Relative Failure18m
1.7 Role of Religion and Islamic Law12m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 1: Presenting the Course10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 1 Quiz20m

2

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey

This week, we look at Turkey and at the history of the Ottoman Empire, whose legacy continues to influence many countries in the region today. Turkey occupies a special place due to its explicit constitutional and social commitment to secularism and a self-conscious emulation of the Western model. Keep the four models of adaptation in mind while watching the lectures of this week as well as the next ones....
Reading
6 videos (Total 151 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video6 videos
2.2 Ottoman History19m
2.3 Ottoman Reform: Tanzimat and Majallah34m
2.4 Creation of the Republic20m
2.5 Kemalism and its Problems27m
2.6 Westernisation and Islamism24m
Reading1 readings
Readings week 2: Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 2 Quiz20m

3

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Egypt and Maghreb

This week concerns the region where the so-called "Arab Spring" originated: North Africa. We will focus especially on Egypt due to its historical importance, relative size and the impact its politics have had on other Arab and Muslim countries. Following the Secularism/Emulation model exemplified by Turkey last week, this region represents the second broad approach to modernity, namely Religious Modernism/Reform....
Reading
7 videos (Total 178 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
3.2 People, Places and Patterns Maghreb23m
3.3 Ottoman and Colonial History28m
3.4 Independence31m
3.5 Modernisation and Reform20m
3.6 Nasserism and its Problems26m
3.7 Westernisation and Islamism27m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 3: Egypt and Maghreb10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 3 Quiz20m

4

Section
Clock
3 hours to complete

Saudi Arabia & The Gulf

This week we will look at the Gulf Monarchies, especially at Saudi Arabia. The impact of essentially free oil income defines the social and governmental structure of this sub-region, so we will focus on the character of so-called rentier economies and their socio-political impact. These countries represent the third broad approach to modernity, namely Traditionalism, that is the notion that there is no need to change inherited socio-political structures....
Reading
7 videos (Total 177 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
4.2 Ottoman and Colonial History25m
4.3 Patrimonialism and Religion15m
4.4 Rentier Economies and Administration34m
4.5 Impact of Rents34m
4.6 Paradoxical Alliance25m
4.7 Unresolved Contradictions18m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 4: Saudi Arabia and The Gulf10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 4 Quiz20m

5

Section
Clock
7 hours to complete

Iran & The Shiites

Iran is the one place where the fundamentalist response to the challenge of modernity has had its longest and most thorough chance of carrying out the promise of Islamist governance. One of the main questions of the week regards the extent to which this promise has been fulfilled. In other words, whether Islamist claims to have a functioning and qualitatively better form of government have been sustainable, or whether the practical challenges of government have led to widespread popular disillusionment....
Reading
7 videos (Total 263 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
5.2 Imperial and Colonial History26m
5.3 Constitutional Revolution and Reaction47m
5.4 Nationalist Revolution and Reaction49m
5.5 Islamic Revolution and Reaction34m
5.6 Khomeini's Theory of Velayat-e Faqih46m
5.7 Unresolved Contradictions27m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 5: Iran & The Shiites10m

6

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

The Levant (Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq)

This week, even more than throughout the rest of the course, we are dealing with a very topical issue: The Western military invasion of Iraq led to the destruction of its state institutions and brought about the much predicted collapse of social order in that country. In Syria we are witnessing the disintegration of state institutions, caused by internal revolt rather than external attack, but with similarly disastrous humanitarian outcomes. While Jordan has generally managed to avoid being drawn into its neighbours' internal conflicts, Lebanon's fragile political system has shown much greater exposure to neighbouring events, especially in Syria....
Reading
7 videos (Total 218 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
6.2 People, Place and Patterns30m
6.3 French Mandates25m
6.4 British Mandates30m
6.5 Order and Fractured Societies39m
6.6 Failure of Arab Socialism50m
6.7 Unresolved Contradictions27m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 6: The Levant10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 6 Quiz20m

7

Section
Clock
5 hours to complete

Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh

Due to the importance of the Afghan conflict for world politics of the last decade or so, this conflict will be the main focus of this week's lectures. It is a truly interesting story, replete with exotic locales, tales of betrayal and great heroism, and more. This focus regretfully entails that the fascinating story of Bangladesh and Pakistan does not get as much attention as it deserves. ...
Reading
7 videos (Total 268 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
7.2 Colonial History of British India38m
7.3 Post-Independence: Pakistan and Bangladesh30m
7.4 Afghanistan: Creation of the State and ‘Golden Years’43m
7.5 Afghanistan: Jihadi Gangsters52m
7.6 Failure of State-Building and Islamisation58m
7.7 Unresolved Contradictions18m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 7: Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 7 Quiz20m

8

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

Malaysia & Indonesia

This week deals with the very rich historical, ethnic, linguistic and geographic tapestry of the two archipelagic nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Truly fascinating places and very different from the localities we have so far discussed in the course. We look at both nations before and after their independence and end with a thorough investigation of the challenges they face today. The week's material is sure to be an eye opener to many....
Reading
6 videos (Total 193 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video6 videos
8.2 Colonial History Malaysia24m
8.3 Colonial History Indonesia18m
8.4 Post-Independence Malaysia33m
8.5 Post-Independence Indonesia42m
8.6 Unresolved Contradictions53m
Reading1 readings
Readings for Week 8: Malaysia and Indonesia10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 8 Quiz20m

9

Section
Clock
5 hours to complete

Sub-Saharan Africa

This week, we will look at sub-saharan Africa and the particular challenges faced by Muslim-majority societies there. For obvious reasons, colonialism plays a very large role here and so we will return to many of the same issues already touched upon in earlier classes. But perhaps even more important is the endemic weakness of institutions. For more on those African nations that have successfully broken out of the vicious cycle of weak institutions, endemic poverty, bad governance, and domestic conflict, please see this week's readings. ...
Reading
6 videos (Total 149 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video6 videos
9.2 Colonial History Muslim Africa16m
9.3 Neo-Colonial Legacies25m
9.4 Weak States and Institutions27m
9.5 Post-Independence Instability27m
9.6 Fractured Constitutional Bargains23m
Reading1 readings
Reading Week 9: Sub-Saharan Africa10m

10

Section
Clock
4 hours to complete

Conclusion and Outlook

This week, we move beyond the geographical focus as we try to tie up some of the loose ends and highlight some of the recurring issues we have studied during the past weeks together. We look at what the different countries have in common, what separates them and at the different kinds of tensions that we have found across the region. At the end of the week, you should have a good understanding of how issues in different countries relate to to each other and of the challenges that the region as a whole is facing today. ...
Reading
7 videos (Total 228 min), 1 reading, 1 quiz
Video7 videos
10.2 Unity and Friction34m
10.3 Minorities35m
10.4 Legal and Social Reality27m
10.5 Practical Tensions39m
10.6 Popular Dissatisfaction40m
10.7 Good Bye23m
Reading1 readings
Readings Week 10: Conclusion and Outlook10m
Quiz1 practice exercises
End of Week 10 Quiz20m
4.8
Direction Signs

50%

started a new career after completing these courses
Briefcase

83%

got a tangible career benefit from this course

Top Reviews

By ACOct 4th 2017

As an International Relations student I must say this was an extremely useful course. I am very satisfied with the result and with the way that the Prof. Afsah approached each lesson. Congratulations!

By LPNov 22nd 2015

This course is really interesting and informative. It gave me a much better understanding for the history and politics behind some of the issues we are all facing today, and really broadened my mind.

Instructor

Avatar

Dr. Ebrahim Afsah

Associate Professor

About University of Copenhagen

The University of Copenhagen is the oldest University in Denmark - founded in 1479, and with over 38,000 students and more than 9,000 employees. The purpose of the University is to conduct research and provide education to the highest academic level. Based in Denmark's capital city it is one of the top research institutions in Europe. ...

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