Об этом курсе
4.4
19 ratings
3 reviews
What is climate change ? How are mountain regions affected by the evolution of water resources and their uses ? What kind of risks need to be considered ? Mountains are recognized as particularly sensitive physical environments where intense and rapid changes have in the past, and may increasingly in the future, place pressure on their resource base. In this context, a team of roughly 100 experts worked from 2008 to 2013 for the European ACQWA project (www.acqwa.ch) which was coordinated by the University of Geneva. The primary objectives of the project were to assess the impacts of a changing climate on the quantity and quality of water originating in mountain regions, particularly where snow- and ice melt represent a large, sometimes the largest, streamflow component. A further objective of the project was to determine the potential disruptions to water-dependent economic activities related to the climate impacts on hydrological systems, and to propose a portfolio of possible adaptation strategies. This particular MOOC is inspired by the ACQWA Project and offers a better understanding of climate change, its impacts on the quality and quantity of water in mountain regions and the risks related to changing water resources. From an interdisciplinary perspective, the participation of twenty-five instructors from five different countries (Switzerland, England, South Korea, India and Nepal) and fourteen institutions (UNIGE, RTS, UNIFR, UZH, ETHZ, Meteodat GmbH, WGMS, Imperial College London, Agroscope, République et Canton de Genève, Yonsei University, IHCAP, ICIMOD, SDC, FOEN) highlights the diversity of both theoretical and practical viewpoints related to these issues. By the end of this course, you will be able : - to define the general concept of climate change in mountain regions - to understand the concepts associated with climate change such as adaptation and water governance strategies - to consider the impacts of climate change on water resources in mountain regions - to identify the impacts of climate change on hydropower, agriculture, aquatic ecosystems and health - to enumerate risks that can occur in mountain areas and lead to disruptions in water availability and use. Your acquired knowledge will be evaluated through multiple-choice quizzes at the end of each unit of the course. This MOOC on “Climate Change and Water in Mountain Regions : A Global Concern” was initiated and financed by the University of Geneva, through its Institute for Environmental Sciences. We look forward to you joining us !...
Globe

Только онлайн-курсы

Начните сейчас и учитесь по собственному графику.
Calendar

Гибкие сроки

Назначьте сроки сдачи в соответствии со своим графиком.
Intermediate Level

Промежуточный уровень

Clock

Предполагаемая нагрузка: 5 weeks of study, 2-3 hours per week

Прибл. 12 ч. на завершение
Comment Dots

English

Субтитры: English
Globe

Только онлайн-курсы

Начните сейчас и учитесь по собственному графику.
Calendar

Гибкие сроки

Назначьте сроки сдачи в соответствии со своим графиком.
Intermediate Level

Промежуточный уровень

Clock

Предполагаемая нагрузка: 5 weeks of study, 2-3 hours per week

Прибл. 12 ч. на завершение
Comment Dots

English

Субтитры: English

Программа курса: что вы изучите

1

Раздел
Clock
1 ч. на завершение

Unit 0: Welcome Unit

View an introductory video on the ACQWA Project, read key introductory documents, say hello to your fellow classmates and express your interest in the topic....
Reading
1 видео (всего 9 мин.), 6 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Reading6 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Key reference 1 to ACQWA Project10мин
Key reference 2 to ACQWA Project10мин
General Course Description10мин
Syllabus10мин
Detailed structure of the course10мин
Glossary10мин

2

Раздел
Clock
2 ч. на завершение

Unit 1: Introduction to climate change

In this module, you will learn about the functioning of the climate system, in particular the numerous interacting components such as the atmosphere, the oceans, the cryosphere and the biosphere. Physical mechanisms that can disrupt climate on different time and space scales will be outlined, and the concepts underlying anthropogenic climate change will be introduced. Following a brief overview of how climate simulation models function, you will be able to see what may be the evolution of climate over coming decades in response to increases in greenhouse-gases in the atmosphere, and what are the limits and uncertainties to these model projections. ...
Reading
15 видео (всего 66 мин.), 2 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
Video15 видео
1.2: Climate System II - Atmospheric circulations (Prof. M. Beniston - UNIGE)2мин
1.3: Climate System III - Influence of snow and ice on the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3мин
1.4: Climate System IV - The role of the oceans (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3мин
1.5: Climate System V - Importance of the water cycle in the evolution of the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)2мин
1.6: Climate System VI - The role of clouds (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3мин
1.7 : Causes of Climate Change I - Natural factors : volcanos (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3мин
1.8: Causes of Climate Change II - Case of El-Niño Southern Oscillation as natural forcing factor (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4мин
1.9: Causes of Climate Change III - Human forcing factors on the climate system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)3мин
1.10: Causes of Climate Change IV – Explanatory factors for increases of carbon in the planetary system (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4мин
1.11: Causes of Climate Change V : The link between atmospheric gases and climate (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4мин
1.12: Past, Present and Future Climates I – 20th-century observed change (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)4мин
1.13: Past, Present and Future Climates II – 21st-century climate futures (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)6мин
1.14: Past, Present and Future Climates III – Extreme climate events (Prof. M. Beniston – UNIGE)11мин
1.15: Forecast in Switzerland in 50 years – In summer (Mr. P. Jeanneret – RTS)3мин
Reading2 материала для самостоятельного изучения
1.0: Introduction to Unit 110мин
Conclusion to Unit 110мин
Quiz1 практическое упражнение
Take the quiz of Unit 1 !24мин

3

Раздел
Clock
3 ч. на завершение

Unit 2: Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources

In this unit, you will learn about observed trends in glacier retreat and changes in mass balance. Different methods of mass balance measurements are presented. Ongoing and projected climate change by the end of the century will have fundamental consequences on the cryosphere. In this module, you will realize what the consequences of glacier retreat are on glacial runoff regimes and on global scale runoff. You will become familiar with changes in snow cover in different mountain regions of the World. Further, the basic mechanics of glacier flow and an overview of processes leading to glacier instability will allow you to understand how climate variables, among other factors, may potentially modify the frequency of glacial lake drainage, glacier surge and the break-off of glaciers. Finally, this module discusses how the calving of ice sheets will impact sea level rise and where uncertainties persist in the projection of these changes....
Reading
16 видео (всего 124 мин.), 2 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
Video16 видео
2.2: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle II – Monitoring the Impact of Climate Change on Glaciers (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8мин
2.3: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle III – Modelling Runoff Changes from Glaciers (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8мин
2.4: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle IV – Contribution of Glaciers to Runoff at the Continental to Global Scale (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)8мин
2.5: Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Cycle V – Managing Mountain Water Resources during Glacier Retreat (Dr M. Huss – UNIFR / ETHZ)6мин
2.6: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover I (Dr M.Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)8мин
2.7: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover II – Link between Snow Cover and Climate (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)5мин
2.8: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover III – Consequences of Snow Cover in many Regions of the World (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)7мин
2.9: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover IV – Consequences of Climate Change for Glaciers and Snowmelt (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)7мин
2.10: Impacts of Climate Change on Snow Cover V – Degree Day Factor for Snow- and Ice Melt not constant in the future (Dr M. Rohrer – Meteodat GmbH / UNIGE)13мин
2.11: Impacts of Climate Change on Glacier Retreat I – Response Time of Glaciers to a Changing Climate – The example of Mont-Miné and Ferpècle Glaciers, Switzerland (Dr M. Perroud – UNIGE)4мин
2.12: Impacts of Climate Change on Glacier Retreat II – World Glacier Monitoring Service – Achievements and Future Challenges (Dr M. Zemp – UZH/WGMS)6мин
2.13: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers I – Mechanics of Glacier Flow (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)10мин
2.14: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers II –Glaciers and Water (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)8мин
2.15: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers III – Glacier instabilities (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)5мин
2.16: Impacts of Climate Change on Mechanics and Stability of Glaciers IV – Iceberg Calving (frontal ablation) (Prof. M. Funk – ETHZ)6мин
Reading2 материала для самостоятельного изучения
2.0: Introduction to Unit 210мин
Conclusion of Unit 210мин
Quiz1 практическое упражнение
Take the quiz of Unit 2 !26мин

4

Раздел
Clock
3 ч. на завершение

UNIT 3: Impacts of Climate Change on Water Uses

In this module, you will learn about the impacts of climate change on different sectors, such as the economy, the environment or the health. In mountain regions, glacier retreat, warmer waters or modified runoffs will for instance impact hydroelectric installations production, biodiversity and all kind of living organisms. In the lowlands, the agricultural sector will also have to deal with water scarcity to reduce yield vulnerability. You will also see that warmer temperatures can be beneficial to certain plants like grapevine but that it can also enhance the development of insect pest generating damages or favour disease transmissions to human being. ...
Reading
16 видео (всего 114 мин.), 2 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 4 тестов
Video16 видео
3.2: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower II - Hydropower: Policy and market challenges (Dr F. Romerio – UNIGE)7мин
3.3: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower III - The natural sciences perspective (Dr L. Gaudard – UNIGE / Imperial College London)7мин
3.4: Impacts of Climate Change on Hydropower IV - The economic perspective (Dr L. Gaudard – UNIGE / Imperial College London)6мин
3.5: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture I - Water use in crop production : Demand and productivity (Dr P.-L. Calanca – Agroscope)6мин
3.6: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture II - Water use in crop production : Facing Climate Change (Dr P.-L. Calanca – Agroscope)5мин
3.7: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture III - Problem of water distribution and intensity on crops (Dr D. Fleury – Canton of Geneva)10мин
3.8: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture IV - Link between warming climate and pesticides use (Dr D. Fleury – Canton of Geneva)7мин
3.9: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems I - A field introduction (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)13мин
3.10: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems II - The physical drivers on biodiversity (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)9мин
3.11: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems III - The seasonal dimension (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)6мин
3.12: Impacts of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems IV - Anticipating changes (Dr E. Castella – UNIGE)8мин
3.13: Impacts of Climate Change on Health I - Introduction to Vector-Borne Diseases (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)5мин
3.14: Impacts of Climate Change on Health II - Introduction to diarrhea and influenza (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)4мин
3.15: Impacts of Climate Change on Health III - Climate change and its impacts on health (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)5мин
3.16: Impacts of Climate Change on Health IV - What is good for health is good for the climate (Prof. A. Flahault - UNIGE)4мин
Reading2 материала для самостоятельного изучения
3.0: Introduction to Unit 310мин
Conclusion of Unit 310мин
Quiz4 практического упражнения
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change in Hydropower6мин
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture8мин
Practice Quiz on the Impacts of Climate Change on Health8мин
Take the quiz of Unit 3!22мин

Преподавателя

Martin Beniston

Honorary Professor
Institute for Environmental Sciences

Markus Stoffel

Full Professor
Institute for Environmental Sciences

О University of Geneva

Founded in 1559, the University of Geneva (UNIGE) is one of Europe's leading universities. Devoted to research, education and dialogue, the UNIGE shares the international calling of its host city, Geneva, a centre of international and multicultural activities with a venerable cosmopolitan tradition....

Часто задаваемые вопросы

  • Once you enroll for a Certificate, you’ll have access to all videos, quizzes, and programming assignments (if applicable). Peer review assignments can only be submitted and reviewed once your session has begun. If you choose to explore the course without purchasing, you may not be able to access certain assignments.

  • When you purchase a Certificate you get access to all course materials, including graded assignments. Upon completing the course, your electronic Certificate will be added to your Accomplishments page - from there, you can print your Certificate or add it to your LinkedIn profile. If you only want to read and view the course content, you can audit the course for free.

Остались вопросы? Посетите Центр поддержки учащихся.