Об этом курсе
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Рецензии: 71

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Английский

Субтитры: Английский, Испанский

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Английский

Субтитры: Английский, Испанский

Программа курса: что вы изучите

Неделя
1
1 ч. на завершение

Welcome to A Journey through Western Christianity: from Persecuted Faith to Global Religion (200 - 1650)

Learn what this course is about, who's teaching it, and other ways you can explore this topic. Meet and greet your peers as well!...
1 видео ((всего 2 мин.)), 4 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
1 видео
4 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Course Description5мин
Precourse Survey10мин
Meet Your Instructional Team5мин
Bonus course resources10мин
2 ч. на завершение

Introduction: From Persecution to Empire

“From Persecution to Empire,” explores the interaction between the second-century Christian Church and the Roman Empire in which it existed. After the faith’s birth in Palestine, Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire with a rapidity that alarmed many Roman rulers. Persecution of Christians became common, and the experience of persecution shaped the Church. In 313 AD, the Roman Emperor Constantine ended persecution and Christianity transformed once more to become a pillar of Roman society....
6 видео ((всего 57 мин.)), 3 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
6 видео
Diversity in the Year 200: Dura Europos (c. 240), with Dr. Lisa Brody [Yale University Art Gallery]10мин
The Conversion of Constantine8мин
The Arian-Nicene Controversy11мин
The Nature of Christ8мин
The Rise of Rome8мин
3 материала для самостоятельного изучения
The Creed of Nicaea15мин
Conversion of Constantine20мин
Yale University Art Gallery—Dura-Europos: Excavating Antiquity10мин
1 практическое упражнение
From Persecution to Empire20мин
Неделя
2
3 ч. на завершение

Augustine and the North African Church

“Augustine and the North African Church,” studies two areas of early and vibrant Christian growth: Egypt and North Africa. These areas responded to intense Roman persecution by developing a theology of martyrdom. Indeed, both areas became bastions of early Christian theological thinking, with the North African Church producing the most important Christian theologian ever: Augustine of Hippo....
6 видео ((всего 69 мин.)), 4 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
6 видео
Alexandria11мин
North African Christianity15мин
Martyrdom and Persecution14мин
The Martyrdom of Perpetua (with Max & Nazanin)5мин
Augustine14мин
Islamic Invasion of North Africa7мин
4 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicitas30мин
Augustine on Donatists40мин
A timeline of the Great Persecution10мин
See the Coptic necropolis el Bagawat (Egypt), one of the earliest Christian cemeteries10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Augustine and North African Church20мин
Неделя
3
4 ч. на завершение

Monastic Lives: Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity

“Monastic Lives: Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity,” examines the origins of monasticism in Christianity. After the end of Roman persecution, some Christians chose to isolate themselves in the desert and deny themselves food, sleep, and material comforts. Why? And how did this movement develop into medieval monasticism? This module will explain the early roots and influence of monks and nuns in Christianity....
7 видео ((всего 80 мин.)), 5 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
7 видео
Saint Catherine’s (with Max)4мин
Saint Benedict10мин
Irish Monasticism15мин
The Viking Age (with Nazanin)5мин
Venerable Bede, Saint Cuthbert, and Northumbria14мин
Alcuin and the Carolingian Renaissance15мин
5 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Life of St. Anthony10мин
Benedict Rule10мин
Explore the Gutenberg Bible and its history10мин
Browse the Book of Kells medieval manuscript10мин
View the Lindisfarne Gospels' early medieval illuminations10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Monastic Lives, Desert Fathers to Celtic Christianity20мин
Неделя
4
4 ч. на завершение

Reformers and Crusaders

“Reformers and Crusaders,” focuses on Christianity during the dawn of the medieval period. Here we ask: How did Christianity respond to the new feudal world of medieval Europe? Popes, monks, and knights became essential features of the Christian faith during this period, roughly 950 – 1350 AD....
8 видео ((всего 68 мин.)), 6 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
8 видео
Feudalism7мин
Christian Reform12мин
Bernard of Clairvaux (with Max)6мин
Divided Christianity6мин
Crusades14мин
Innocent III10мин
Cathar Heresy (with Nazanin)6мин
6 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Fulcher of Chartres, Speech of Urban II10мин
The Capture of Jerusalem (1244)10мин
Christian Attacks on Jews30мин
Henry IV's letter to Gregory VII10мин
The Romance of the Rose10мин
Hagia Sophia's Christian mosaics10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Reformers and Crusaders20мин
Неделя
5
5 ч. на завершение

Learning and Light

“Learning and Light,” examines two medieval Christian ideas that emerged at the same time and from the same impulse. The first is the scholastic educational initiative that dominated Christian theology and resulted in the founding of universities. The second is the beautiful, light-focused Gothic architectural style embodied in Europe’s great cathedrals. These two movements remain the quintessential features of medieval Christianity. Scholasticism and cathedrals emerged not only at the same time but also from the same source: a Christian conception of the unity of all things....
7 видео ((всего 82 мин.)), 7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
7 видео
Saint Clare of Assisi (with Nazanin)4мин
Rise of Universities11мин
Abelard & Heloise (with Max)6мин
Thomas Aquinas13мин
Cathedrals and Theology of Light12мин
Mysticism16мин
7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologicae40мин
Meister Eckhart, “The Attractive Power of God”30мин
Julian of Norwich10мин
The stained glass windows of Chartres10мин
The Flowers of Saint Francis10мин
Peter Lombard’s The Sentences10мин
Aquinas’s hymn, Pange Lingua10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Learning and Light20мин
Неделя
6
4 ч. на завершение

Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain

“Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain,” explores medieval Spain, a place in time with enormous importance for the history of Christianity. From the eighth through the fifteenth century, Spanish society included Christians, Jews, and Muslims, and Spain became the cultural capital of all three religions. Exploring medieval Spain, we will see how Christianity competed and cooperated with the non-Christian world. The central question explored in this module is: How should we remember the cultural interactions among Christians, Jews, and Muslims in medieval Spain...
6 видео ((всего 54 мин.)), 11 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
6 видео
Convivencia9мин
The Alhambra of Granada (with Nazanin)3мин
Maimonides and Averroes11мин
Inquisition and Expulsion16мин
Christians, Jews, and Muslims: Discussion5мин
11 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Moses Maimonides, Guide to the Perplexed, Introductory Letter15мин
A Christian/Muslim Debate (12th century)40мин
Muslim and Christian Piety in the 13th Century40мин
Gregory X: Letter on Jews, (1271-76) - Against the Blood Libel20мин
The Murdered Chorister10мин
Chant from the Mozarabic tradition10мин
David Nirenberg’s Communities of Violence10мин
Arabic's influence on the Spanish language10мин
The works of Averroes10мин
Images of the Alhambra10мин
Documents related to the Spanish Inquisition10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Three Religions: Christians, Jews & Muslims in Medieval Spain20мин
Неделя
7
5 ч. на завершение

Medieval Devotion

“Medieval Devotion,” moves away from the universities and cathedrals of Europe and investigates the lives of ordinary Christians trying to maintain their spiritual lives in an era almost 1000 years ago. The Church developed and popularized many devotional practices in this era, a number of which remain a part of Christianity today. Sacraments, saints, relics, pilgrimages, and the papacy are examined in this module, as all experienced an enormous growth in importance during the medieval era. Many of these features of Christianity became controversial, with Protestant reformers of the sixteenth century rejecting some of these devotional and ecclesiological features....
9 видео ((всего 87 мин.)), 8 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
9 видео
Introduction19мин
Sacraments8мин
Saints & Relics10мин
Joan of Arc (with Nazanin)5мин
Pilgrimages10мин
Rome and the Papacy7мин
Avignon Papacy (with Max)5мин
Heresy and Dissent9мин
8 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Seven Sacraments40мин
Tales of Relics45мин
Tales of the Devil45мин
Art of Dying, (Ars Moriendi)10мин
Requiem Mass for the Dead10мин
Relics, and what they meant for medieval Christians10мин
Chaucer's Canterbury Tales10мин
Book of Hours10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Medieval Devotion20мин
Неделя
8
4 ч. на завершение

Luther's Reformation

“Luther’s Reformation,” is the first of several modules to discuss the Reformation, and it does so by examining the life of the Reformation’s most iconic figure, Martin Luther. More than any other person, Luther was responsible for the seismic shifts in sixteenth-century Christianity that left the Western Church permanently fractured. Why did Luther launch his Reformation? What were his initial aspirations, and how did these change? Through the biography of Luther we will learn about the controversies that led to the Reformation and the early impact of this religious movement....
9 видео ((всего 86 мин.)), 5 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
9 видео
Young Luther12мин
Break with Rome16мин
Katharina von Bora (Nazanin)3мин
Opponents & Opposition15мин
Theology11мин
Luther and the Jews (Max)3мин
Reformation Church17мин
Discussion5мин
5 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Martin Luther, “Freedom of a Christian”
Luther’s 95 Theses10мин
A Mighty Fortress10мин
Protestant print propaganda10мин
Luther’s original German Mass10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Luther's Reformation20мин
Неделя
9
4 ч. на завершение

Fragmenting Reformation

“Fragmenting Reformation,” we will explore the Reformation further. After Luther set Europe ablaze, other reformers and rulers sought to impose their views onto Christianity. Soon—and as Catholics had feared—multiple forms of Protestantism emerged. Sixteenth-century Christians disagreed over what constituted proper ecclesiology, theology, and ritual practices, and soon the European religious landscape divided into different camps all insisting on different visions of Christianity. John Calvin became one of the most influential thinkers and organizers in this period, but even lesser known figures exerted enormous influence as Western Christendom experienced its most serious crisis. ...
8 видео ((всего 93 мин.)), 7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
8 видео
Anabaptist Kingdom of Münster (Max)4мин
Zwingli17мин
John Calvin: Life20мин
Calvinism13мин
English Reformation15мин
Foxe's Book of Martyrs (with Nazanin)3мин
Fragmenting Reformation: Discussion3мин
7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Hans Schlaffer, A Brief Introduction for the Leading of Truly Christian Life45мин
Preface to the Psalter - John Calvin20мин
England, Thirty-Nine Articles5мин
The Martyrs' Mirror10мин
Foxe’s Book of Martyrs10мин
Huldrych Zwingli’s reforming principles10мин
Professor Gordon’s books on Calvin and Calvin’s Institutes of the Christian Religion10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Fragmenting Reformation20мин
Неделя
10
4 ч. на завершение

Catholic Reform

In “Catholic Reform,” we will see how Catholicism transformed itself during the sixteenth century, an era usually characterized by the Protestant Reformation. In response to the Protestant challenge, Catholicism began to reform key aspects of its practices, yet Catholic leaders resolutely defended their theology against Luther’s and Calvin’s attacks. And Catholicism also experienced transformations that had begun long before Luther launched his reforming campaign in 1517. A debate still exists amongst historians regarding the origins of Catholicism’s sixteenth-century reforms. Were these changes purely a response to the Protestant challenge? Or did Catholicism begin its early modern reforms long before Luther was ever born. This module explores these questions, along with the vibrant Catholic culture that emerged during the era of the Reformation....
7 видео ((всего 86 мин.)), 7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
7 видео
Pre-Trent Catholic Reform13мин
The Council of Trent18мин
Catholic vs. Counter Reformation (Max and Nazanin)3мин
Catholic Bibles16мин
Teresa of Avila & Spanish Mysticism14мин
El Escorial (Nazanin)4мин
7 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
The Council of Trent’s Decree on Justification (1547)
Teresa of Avila, The Interior Castle: Preface20мин
Erasmus’s Novum Instrumentum10мин
The Complutensian Polyglot Bible10мин
El Greco and other works from leading Catholic Baroque artists10мин
Peruse the poetry of Saint John of the Cross10мин
Carlos Eire’s Reformations10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Catholic Reform20мин
Неделя
11
4 ч. на завершение

Jesuits and Missions

Our final module, “Jesuits and Mission,” we will see how, at the same time that Western Christianity fractured and reinvented itself due to the Reformation, the faith also followed Europe’s colonial paths and spread across the world. Catholic religious orders (including the newly founded Jesuit order) led the expansion of Christianity into non-European lands. Jesuits and other missionaries sought to inject Christianity into the societies they encountered, and to do so the Jesuits adapted to local cultural practices and added subtle features to Catholicism. For the first time, Christianity became a global religion....
6 видео ((всего 47 мин.)), 9 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 1 тест
6 видео
Ignatius of Loyola (Nazanin)3мин
Francis Xavier10мин
Mateo Ricci & China11мин
Brazil9мин
Closing words from Bruce, Nazanin, and Max40
9 материалов для самостоятельного изучения
Francis Xavier to Ignatius Loyola on Missions20мин
Francis Xavier, Letter from Japan, 155220мин
Memorial for Matteo Ricci
Japanese depiction of the arrival of the Portuguese10мин
A timeline of the colonization of Brazil10мин
Moxos Ensemble10мин
An early modern Jesuit’s account of the martyrdom of his fellow missionaries10мин
The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci,10мин
Post Course Survey10мин
1 практическое упражнение
Jesuits and Missions20мин
4.7
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Лучшие рецензии

автор: ESMar 23rd 2018

A great journey! Lots of information and bonus material! I'm very thankful for the course. It might be that the professor's speech is sometimes a bit difficult to follow, but it's a minor drawback

автор: AWJun 20th 2017

Well developed and presented course.. It'll be good to have it continued from 1650 to where the Christian faith is today. I'll be very interested to be part of it if it is developed.

Преподаватели

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Bruce Gordon

Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History
Yale Divinity School

О Йельский университет

For more than 300 years, Yale University has inspired the minds that inspire the world. Based in New Haven, Connecticut, Yale brings people and ideas together for positive impact around the globe. A research university that focuses on students and encourages learning as an essential way of life, Yale is a place for connection, creativity, and innovation among cultures and across disciplines. ...

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