Об этом курсе
4.7
671 ratings
163 reviews
What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors....
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Предполагаемая нагрузка: 4 hours/week

Прибл. 14 ч. на завершение
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Субтитры: English, Spanish
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Только онлайн-курсы

Начните сейчас и учитесь по собственному графику.
Calendar

Гибкие сроки

Назначьте сроки сдачи в соответствии со своим графиком.
Clock

Предполагаемая нагрузка: 4 hours/week

Прибл. 14 ч. на завершение
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Субтитры: English, Spanish

Программа курса: что вы изучите

1

Раздел
Clock
2 ч. на завершение

The Milesians & Heraclitus

Thales, Anaximander, Anaximenes and Xenophanes seek the material principle of the cosmos, and arrive at a radical new conception of the gods. Heraclitus distills the essence of their “naturalism” in his riddling slogans....
Reading
8 видео (всего 53 мин.), 2 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 2 тестов
Video8 видео
How We Study the Pre-Socratics4мин
Fragments and Sources4мин
Philosophers or scientists?7мин
The Material Principle5мин
God in Nature?5мин
Heraclitus on the LOGOS10мин
Heraclitus on Change5мин
Reading2 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Milesians Readings10мин
Heraclitus Readings10мин
Quiz2 практического упражнения
Milesians16мин
Heraclitus10мин

2

Раздел
Clock
2 ч. на завершение

Parmenides to Plato

Parmenides poses a fundamental philosophical challenge to all naturalistic inquiry when he denies the intelligibility of change. Later naturalists (Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus) respond to his challenge. Plato’s portrait of Socrates raises questions about the nature of philosophy, its role in public life, and the relation between morality and religion....
Reading
8 видео (всего 61 мин.), 3 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 2 тестов
Video8 видео
Parmenides Against Change7мин
Responses to Parmenides7мин
Naturalism after Parmenides9мин
Plato and Socrates6мин
Socrates in the Apology6мин
Piety in the Euthyphro7мин
Morality and Religion5мин
Reading3 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Parmenides10мин
Plato's Apology10мин
Plato's Euthyphro10мин
Quiz2 практического упражнения
Parmenides and His Legacy10мин
Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro10мин

3

Раздел
Clock
2 ч. на завершение

Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice

What is virtue, and how can it be taught? What is teaching anyway, and how could we ever acquire knowledge? Socrates gives a geometry lesson purporting to show that learning is recollection. Why should we act justly? What’s in it for us? An elaborate analogy between a city and a human soul seeks to convince us that crime never pays, even if the criminal can escape detection....
Reading
10 видео (всего 74 мин.), 4 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 2 тестов
Video10 видео
Teachers of Virtue?6мин
Theory of Recollection8мин
Was Socrates Teaching?7мин
Meno's Paradox7мин
Knowledge vs. True Belief8мин
Is Justice a Virtue?10мин
The Just City5мин
The Just Soul9мин
Rational Injustice?6мин
Reading4 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Plato's Meno10мин
Republic Book 110мин
Republic Book 210мин
Republic Book 410мин
Quiz2 практического упражнения
Plato's Meno10мин
Plato's Republic10мин

4

Раздел
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4 ч. на завершение

Plato on Reality & Goodness

The ultimate realities are intelligible Forms, while the world of our experience is only an image of that reality. Goodness is a fundamental feature of the world. Plato’s cosmology: the creation of the universe (complete with a world soul) and the principles of mathematical perfection that structure it at every level....
Reading
6 видео (всего 58 мин.), 4 материалов для самостоятельного изучения, 3 тестов
Video6 видео
The Real and the Good8мин
The Creation of the World6мин
The World Soul12мин
Plato's Mathematical Physics13мин
Conclusion to Part 16мин
Reading4 материала для самостоятельного изучения
Republic Book 510мин
Republic Books 6-710мин
Plato's Timaeus10мин
Credits10мин
Quiz2 практического упражнения
Republic Books 5-710мин
Plato's Timaeus14мин
4.7

Лучшие рецензии

автор: LLMar 9th 2016

Good intro to early Greek philosophy. Dr Meyer has a simple and subtly humorous approach to the material. Dr Meyer makes the subject approachable so that the student wants to do further reading.

автор: AHMar 17th 2016

Highly recommended. This course was a great guide to understand to pre socratic philosophers. Professor Susan Sauvé Meyer is very clear in her explanations. Thanks a lot. I enjoy the course.

Преподаватель

Susan Sauvé Meyer

Professor
Department of Philosophy

О University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania (commonly referred to as Penn) is a private university, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. A member of the Ivy League, Penn is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, and considers itself to be the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. ...

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